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Zinc is one of the most commonly seen deficiencies in males of reproductive age. It is an essential mineral because it is needed for testosterone production. It is at the upmost importance that Zinc is supplemented for males with any fertility issues. Zinc also needs to be taken for as long as possible. Zinc is vital for viable sperm count, motility, quality and quantity. Recommended daily dose is 50 mg.


Deficiency can reduce sperm motility. Avoid salt to keep potassium levels up. Sources include fresh fruit and vegetables.


Important for healthy sperm and nervous system. Sources include dark green leafy vegetables, seeds, legumes, tofu, almonds, pecans, Brazil nuts, brown rice, avocado, dried apricots.


Severe deficiency can lead to a total lack of sperm. Sources include nuts and whole grains, seeds, legumes, leafy green vegetables. Beta Carotene: Important for sperm production, health of the testes, and conversion of cholesterol to testosterone.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is necessary to prevent sperm clumping together, which inhibits the sperm motility. Vitamin C can be also particularly helpful for smokers fertility.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E protects the body against free radical damage. Deficiencies may compromise the formation of new sperm. It is also important for sperm count and especially if sperm stick together. The recommended daily dose is 400-800 IU.


Selenium is needed for the production of testosterone. Again prevents free radical damage. Aids the sperm to attach to the ovum in IVF. Recommended daily dose is 200 mg daily, do not exceed daily dose.

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 is an excellent anti-oxidant and supplementation can help prevent mutation of sperm cells. Supplementation of 100 mg a day is sufficient to promote and maintain wellness. It enhances fertility related to age, ex-smokers, liver and heart conditions.

Omega 3 fish oil

Omega 3 Fish oil is very important for male reproductive wellness. Omega 3 helps increase and improve sperm motility and quality. It also supports the prostatic gland, testosterone production and helps address erectile dysfunctional problems associated with impotence. It is a great anti-oxidant and contributes to maintain low blood pressure and healthy cholesterol levels.

Vitamin B12

A deficiency can lead to reduced sperm counts and reduced motility. It is useful even when no deficiency is found.


As well as a healthy diet it is recommended that males who have known fertility issues supplement the following:

  • Vitamin B complex 100mg twice daily
  • Vitamin E starting with 200 IU daily. Some good Vitamin E products contain Selenium
  • Vitamin C with bio-flavanoids 1,000-3,000 daily
  • Zinc 25 mg twice daily
  • Selenium (if not contained within Vitamin E supplement) 200-400 mcg daily
  • Omega 3 fish oil

If age is an issues supplement the following;

  • Coenzyme Q10
  • If there are no known fertility issues the following can be supplemented:
  • Zinc
  • Multi-Vitamin
  • Omega 3 Fish Oil

Other important factors:

  • Cholesterol, high cholesterol can cause poor quality sperm membranes
  • Poor diet, supplements do not replace what should be gained through a healthy diet
  • Medications
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking including tobacco and marijuana